Formula student is an international construction competition, carried out between students of several universities. Pioneer was the Formula SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers) in the US, which carried out such a competition in 1981 on the Michigan International Speedway.
In 2006 Formula Student Germany (FSG) was founded under the patronage of the Association of German Engineers (VDI) in Germany at Hockenheimring. 2010 FSG included electical vehicles and 2016 driverless ones. In the European region, other competitions take place on well-known racetracks, such as in the English Silverstone. Outside Europe, among others, in Brazil and Australia.
Therefore, the English language was chosen for communication within the competition. Highly committed students from more than 300 universities from all over the world travel to these events to compete with self-constructed racing cars in various disciplines. The Formula Student does not simply win the fastest car, but the team with the best overall package of construction and financial planning as well as sales arguments and race performance.
The regulations are only in English and lay down a few key points of the construction. It applies to all competitions, although there are smaller differences in each event, which must be observed.
For safety reasons, Side impact protection, roll bar, a crash nose and a 5-point belt are required. Regarding the drive, it writes an Otto four-stroke reciprocating piston engine with a maximum capacity of 710ccm. Regarding the drive, it specifies an Otto four-stroke reciprocating piston engine with a maximum capacity of 710ccm. An air volume limitation with a diameter of 20mm is also specified. The minimum distance, ie the distance between the axles of the front and rear wheels, must not be less than 1525mm.
A jury of experts from the motor sport as well as the automotive and supplier industry assesses each concept in various ways to determine the best vehicle in competition. These evaluation criteria are divided into static and dynamic disciplines.
Business Plan Presentation – 75 Points
The goal is to develop a business plan and to convince potential investors how the engineered racing car can be marketed profitably. Within the framework of this the team is called upon all aspects of the project, such as cost, market analysis, profitability and alternative business models.
Engineering Design – 125 Points
The technical and constructive aspects of the vehicle are assessed. Above all, the technical understanding of the team, the presentation of the chosen solution approaches for the design of components and selection of materials.
Cost Analysis – 100 Points
Assuming a production of the vehicle with a quantity of 1000 per year, the costs are listed. It is examined how meaningful manufacturing processes were selected and how efficient production costs were handled in order to produce as economically as possible.
Scrutineering – Mandatory
Before taking part in the various disciplines, the vehicle must be checked during the technical inspection. It is important to know whether it has been designed and built in accordance with the regulations, as well as whether all safety precautions work to ensure the safety of the event.
Skidpad – 75 Points
A course in the form of a narrow eight is passed through. Each circle is circulated twice in succession. In this discipline it is illustrated which transversal accelerations the vehicle can take. The better the roundness, the higher the lateral acceleration. Values of up to 1.4g are not a rarity here.
Acceleration – 75 Points
In this competition, an acceleration measurement is measured over a distance of 75 meters. Well tuned vehicles reach speeds of over 100 km / h in under four seconds.
Autocross – 100 Points
On an approx. 1 kilometer long circuit, the prototypes will travel through straight lines, through curves and chicanes. Here a good driving dynamics as well as good acceleration and handling characteristics are decisive for a good lap time. In addition, the autocross represents the qualifying for the Endurance over 22 kilometers.
Endurance – 325 Points
The main discipline of the race weekend. Over a distance of 22 kilometers, the prototype has to maintain its durability and reliability. In this discipline, all the weaknesses of the race car are shown. Since up to four vehicles are on the circuit at the same time, it also depends on the skills of the drivers, which change after half of the race.
Fuel Effiency – 100 Points
As the endurance also evaluates the consumption, it is necessary to be fast but nevertheless consumption-consuming.